, Volume 193, Issue 5, pp 757–766 | Cite as

Comparison of Endobronchial Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration and Video-Assisted Mediastinoscopy for Mediastinal Staging of Lung Cancer



Video-assisted mediastinoscopy (VAM) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) are the two most commonly used invasive methods for mediastinal staging of lung cancer. The objective of this review is to assess and compare the overall diagnostic values of VAM and EBUS-TBNA. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies that evaluated EBUS-TBNA or VAM accuracy. Quantitative meta-analysis was used to pool sensitivity and specificity, and study quality was evaluated. Meta-regression was applied to indirectly compare EBUS-TBNA and VAM after adjusting quality score, study design, and station number. A total of ten studies with 999 EBUS-TBNA patients and seven studies with 915 VAM patients were included. Since the pooled specificity was 100 % for both modalities, sensitivity was mainly analyzed. The pooled sensitivities for EBUS-TBNA and VAM were 0.84 (95 % CI 0.79–0.88) and 0.86 (95 % CI 0.82–0.90), respectively. Subgroup analyses of quality score, study design, station number and rapid on-site cytologic evaluation showed no significant influence on the overall sensitivity of the two modalities. After adjusting quality score, study design, and station number, the pooled sensitivities of VAM and EBUS-TBNA were not significantly different. However, more procedural complications and fewer false negatives (FN) were found with VAM than EBUS-TBNA. VAM and EBUS exhibited equally high diagnostic accuracy for mediastinal staging of lung cancer. Due to lower morbidity with EBUS-TBNA and fewer FN with VAM, EBUS-TBNA should be performed first, followed by VAM in the case of a negative needle result.


Lung neoplasms Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration Video-assisted mediastinoscopy Diagnostic value 



Video-assisted mediastinoscopy


Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration


Rapid on-site cytologic evaluation


False negatives


Computed tomography


Positron emission tomography


Transesophageal ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration








Negative likelihood ratio


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Respiratory MedicineXinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of PathologyXinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of Health StatisticsSecond Military Medical UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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