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Antecedents of opioid dependence and personality disorder: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorder

  • Jiri Modestin
  • Birgit Matutat
  • Othmar Würmle
Original paper

Abstract

Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and conduct disorder (CD) were explored as possible antecedents of opioid dependence and personality disorder. One hundred adult opioid-dependent, treatment-seeking male inpatients were explored; an extended clinical semistructured interview to collect sociodemographic, drug use related, and clinical data and the Structural Clinical Interview for DSM-IV personality disorders SCID-II were carried out. Four groups of patients, namely ADHD alone (4 patients). ADHD + CD (7 patients), CD alone (47 patients) and no ADHD/no CD (42 patients) were identified and compared with each other. The results indicate that ADHD alone does not predispose to the development of opioid dependence in male inpatients. Childhood ADHD may nevertheless be found more frequently in male opioid addicts due to its comorbidity with CD, which was identified in more than half of our sample. Patients with ADHD history seemed to go through the drug abuse career earlier and to develop more frequently histrionic and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder. Over half of the CD patients developed borderline and/or antisocial personality disorder; both ADHD and CD predispose significantly to the PD development. Early substance use preventive measures are necessary in children and adolescents suffering from CD and from ADHD comorbid with CD.

Key words Opioid dependence Personality disorder Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Conduct disorder Male drug addicts 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiri Modestin
    • 1
  • Birgit Matutat
    • 1
  • Othmar Würmle
    • 2
  1. 1.Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Lenggstrasse 31, 8029 Zurich, Switzerland, e-mail: modestin.sek@puk.zh.chCH
  2. 2.Psychiatric University Hospital Bern, Bolligenstrasse 111, 3072 Bern, SwitzerlandCH

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