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Exploring the boundaries between borderline personality disorder and suicidal behavior disorder

  • D. DucasseEmail author
  • J. Lopez-Castroman
  • D. Dassa
  • V. Brand-Arpon
  • K. Dupuy-Maurin
  • L. Lacourt
  • S. Guillaume
  • P. Courtet
  • E. Olié
Original paper
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

To compare clinical traits of suicidal vulnerability among in-patients with suicidal behavior disorder (SBD) with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD).

Method

we recruited adult patients with SBD, consecutively and voluntarily hospitalized in a specialized unit for affective disorders and suicidal behavior between July and October 2016. Ninety-two inpatients having attempted suicide within the past 2 years were divided into two subgroups according to the presence or absence of BPD. Clinical vulnerability traits for suicidal behavior were assessed.

Results

Half of the patients with SBD also had BPD. Patients with BPD were nine times more likely to be major suicide repeaters compared to those without. They were also more likely to display clinical and psychological vulnerability traits for suicidal behavior, even after considering potential confounders. Emotional dysregulation, shame-proneness, impulsiveness, preoccupied attachment pattern, and childhood trauma were high in both groups, but significantly increased in those with (vs. without) BPD status. Psychological traits remained stable in SBD-BPD patients, regardless of the time since the last suicide attempt (i.e. SBD in recent vs. early remission).

Conclusions

Clinical and psychological traits associated with suicidal vulnerability are present in all SBD patients compared to non-suicidal populations, but comorbidity with BPD is associated with particularly high scores. BPD could be considered as a specifier for SBD diagnoses.

Keywords

Borderline personality disorder Suicidal vulnerability Major suicide repeaters Psychological dimensions 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Andrew Porter (English native speaker), and Elisabetta Andermarcher (MD, PhD, medical writer), for their careful reading of the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

None of the authors declares conflicts of interest related to this manuscript.

Supplementary material

406_2019_980_MOESM1_ESM.docx (19 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 19 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ducasse
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • J. Lopez-Castroman
    • 2
    • 4
  • D. Dassa
    • 1
  • V. Brand-Arpon
    • 1
  • K. Dupuy-Maurin
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. Lacourt
    • 1
  • S. Guillaume
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Courtet
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • E. Olié
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Emergency Psychiatry and Post-Acute Care, Lapeyronie HospitalCHU Montpellier, CHRU MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Neuropsychiatry: Epidemiological and Clinical ResearchINSERM U1061MontpellierFrance
  3. 3.FondaMental FoundationCréteilFrance
  4. 4.CHU NîmesNîmesFrance

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