Auditory verbal hallucinations: imaging, analysis, and intervention

  • Philipp Homan
  • Jochen Kindler
  • Daniela Hubl
  • Thomas Dierks


In this article, we will link neuroimaging, data analysis, and intervention methods in an important psychiatric condition: auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). The clinical and phenomenological background as well as neurophysiological findings will be covered and discussed with respect to noninvasive brain stimulation. Additionally, methods of noninvasive brain stimulation will be presented as ways to intervene with AVH. Finally, preliminary conclusions and possible future perspectives will be proposed.


Schizophrenia Auditory verbal hallucinations Transcranial magnetic stimulation Cerebral blood flow Arterial spin labeling 



This work was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF: 32003B-112578) to TD and (33CM30-124114). We are grateful to A. Federspiel and G. Schroth for providing the MR-ASL sequence. We thank J. J. Wang, A. Federspiel, and K. Jann for providing the ASL subtraction routine. This article is part of the supplement Personalized Psychiatry and Psychotherapy. This supplement was not sponsored by outside commercial interests. It was funded by the German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN).

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philipp Homan
    • 1
  • Jochen Kindler
    • 1
  • Daniela Hubl
    • 1
  • Thomas Dierks
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatric Neurophysiology, University Hospital of PsychiatryUniversity of BernBern 60Switzerland

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