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The clinical impact of mood disorder comorbidity on obsessive–compulsive disorder

  • R. TükelEmail author
  • H. Meteris
  • A. Koyuncu
  • A. Tecer
  • O. Yazıcı
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

The present study examines the effect of concomitant major depressive or bipolar disorder on clinical symptoms of patients with obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). Forty–nine patients classified as OCD without a mood disorder, 26 classified as OCD with bipolar disorder (OCD–BD) and 42 classified as OCD with major depressive disorder (OCD–MDD) according to DSM–IV diagnostic criteria were included in the study. The groups were compared with respect to demographic variables and scores obtained on various scales. The OCD–BD group had more symmetry/exactness obsessions and ordering/arranging compulsions, and a more episodic course of illness and had better insight compared to the other two groups. Levels of anxiety, depression, disability and obsessive–compulsive symptom severity were significantly higher in the OCDMDD group. The rate of social phobia was higher in OCD–BD patients, whereas the rates of generalized anxiety disorder and simple phobias were higher in OCDMDD group. These findings suggest that comorbidity of major depressive disorder may increase the severity of OCD symptoms. On the other hand, bipolar disorder comorbidity may constitute a subgroup which is characterized by a higher rate of episodic course and better insight.

Key words

obsessive–compulsive disorder mood disorders comorbidity episodic course 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Tükel
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. Meteris
    • 1
  • A. Koyuncu
    • 1
  • A. Tecer
    • 1
  • O. Yazıcı
    • 1
  1. 1.Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of MedicineDepartment of PsychiatryCapa IstanbulTurkey

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