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Is recurrent brief depression an expression of mood spectrum disorders in young people?

Results of a large community sample
  • Mauro Giovanni Carta
  • Alberto Carlo Altamura
  • Maria Carolina Hardoy
  • Federica Pinna
  • Stefania Medda
  • Liliana Dell'Osso
  • Bernardo Carpiniello
  • Jules Angst
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract.

The clinical relevance of Recurrent Brief Depression (RBD) has not received sufficient attention to date and continues to represent a controversial issue. The present study was carried out in a community sample to evaluate the lifetime prevalence of RDB, the degree of comorbidity, as well as possible risk factors. Subjects from a community survey in Sardinia (Italy) were randomly selected from registers of a rural, an urban and a mining area (n=1040, 461 males, 579 females). Interviews were carried out by physicians using the Italian version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Simplified which had been modified for the purpose of this study. Lifetime prevalence of RBD was 7.6%; 5.8% in males, 9% in females. Subjects aged 18 to 24 years presented higher frequencies (13.8%, OR 2.2) than those aged 25 or over. Comorbidity with Major Depression was particularly frequent. RBD was furthermore associated with suicide attempts and substance abuse, thereby constituting an effective health problem. Further epidemiological and clinical studies of RBD are warranted in order to develop specific treatments and prevention strategies.

Key words

recurrent brief depression  mood disorders  community survey  suicide substance abuse 

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Copyright information

© Steinkopff Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauro Giovanni Carta
    • 1
  • Alberto Carlo Altamura
    • 2
  • Maria Carolina Hardoy
    • 1
    • 3
  • Federica Pinna
    • 1
  • Stefania Medda
    • 1
  • Liliana Dell'Osso
    • 3
  • Bernardo Carpiniello
    • 1
  • Jules Angst
    • 4
  1. 1.Division of Psychiatry Department of Public Health University of CagliariCagliariItaly
  2. 2.University of MilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Psychiatry Neurobiology, Pharmacology and BiotechnologyUniversity of PisaItaly
  4. 4.Psychiatric HospitalZurich UniversityZurichSwitzerland

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