Trans-canal endoscopic ear surgery and canal wall-up tympano-mastoidectomy for pediatric middle ear cholesteatoma
To evaluate clinical parameters, outcomes and complications of transcanal endoscopic ear surgeries (EES) and canal wall-up tympano-mastoidectomy (CWU) for middle ear cholesteatoma in children and to compare between the two surgical approaches.
A retrospective chart review of all children (< 16 years) who underwent surgery for cholesteatoma involving the middle ear only with a minimal follow-up period of 12 months. Demographic features, site and extent of disease, outcome and complications were reviewed and compared between the groups.
Thirty EES and 19 CWU were included. The overall disease relapse rates in the EES and CWU groups were 20% (n = 6, residual rate = 10%, recurrence rate = 10%) and 47% (n = 9, residual rate = 11%, recurrence rate = 37%), respectively (p = 0.04), with mean duration of follow-up of 32.6 and 37.2 months, respectively. In the EES and CWU groups, the most common site of residual disease was the mastoid cavity/antrum (n = 2, 66% and n = 2, 100%, respectively). Most recurrences involved the epitympanum and extended into the tympanic cavity (n = 2, 66%) in the EES group and into the tympanic cavity, posterior mesotympanum and mastoid cavity/antrum (n = 3, 43%, each) in the CWU group. The overall complication rates in the EES and CWU groups were 10% (n = 3) and 11% (n = 2), respectively (p = 0.61).
Endoscopic ear surgeries in children were found to be an acceptable and safe technique for the treatment of cholesteatoma limited to the middle ear cavity. A better overall success rate and a similar complication rate were found in the EES group when compared to CWU.
KeywordsCholesteatoma Endoscopic ear surgery Pediatric Canal wall up Mastoidectomy
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
The study was reviewed and approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel (application number: 2581-15-SMC).