European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 276, Issue 9, pp 2499–2505 | Cite as

A prospective, feasibility study to evaluate the efficacy and usability of a novel drivable endoscope in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis

  • Thibaut Van Zele
  • Ethan Soudry
  • Roee Landsberg
  • Philippe GevaertEmail author



To carry out a pilot study to evaluate the efficacy of a novel, drivable endoscope (the Peregrine™ Drivable ENT Scope), compared to standard rigid endoscopes in the access, visualization, and irrigation of the paranasal sinus anatomy.


A prospective, multi-center, feasibility study was conducted on seventeen subjects who underwent primary functional endoscopic sinus surgery and were evaluated with the drivable endoscope and standard, rigid endoscopes (0°, 30° and 70°, as applicable). A CT scan was available for image guidance, as needed. The primary efficacy endpoint was the ability to access and visualize sinonasal anatomic landmarks. Secondary endpoints included device usability, as measured by a usability questionnaire given to surgeons postoperatively; the device’s ability to irrigate the sinuses and patient reports of tolerability and pain during postoperative procedures.


The drivable endoscope success rate in visualizing all paranasal sinus anatomic landmarks was 55.6% better than the standard rigid endoscopes: 98.3% (178/181) versus 42.7% (76/178); p < 0.001. Surgeons rated scores of over 4 (on a 1–5 scale) for the usability of the drivable endoscope to enter the maxillary, frontal and sphenoid sinuses. The ability to irrigate the sinuses using the drivable endoscope was given a mean score of 4.3, and image quality was given a mean score of 3.4. The three patients evaluated postoperatively reported low pain and high tolerability scores with the drivable endoscope.


These preliminary results indicate that the drivable endoscope is effective, easy to use and highly tolerable in sinonasal endoscopy.


Functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) Nasal endoscopy Drivable endoscope Chronic rhinosinusitis Paranasal sinus 



The authors would like to thank Eran Choman (independent) for performing the statistical analysis in this study and Dr. Ruth Moont and Dr. Ronell Klingman for their assistance in writing and editing the manuscript.


This study was funded by 3NT Medical Ltd., Rosh Ha’ayin, Israel.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

The research involved human participants who all provided written informed consent.

Supplementary material

405_2019_5535_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
Supplementary file1 (DOCX 15 kb)

Supplementary file2 (MP4 9397 kb)

Supplementary file3 (MP4 37283 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Rabin Medical CenterPetach TikvaIsrael
  3. 3.Sackler School of MedicineTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael
  4. 4.Assuta Medical CenterTel Aviv-YafoIsrael

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