Two-handed tying technique in vocal fold mucosa microsuture for the treatment of Reinke’s edema
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Removal of Reinke’s edema may result in moderate to large-sized mucosal defect on the vocal fold, which heals by secondary intention. Microsuturing this defect may lead to primary wound healing with fastened recovery and less scar, but costs extra time and effort. Exploring methods that can shorten microsuture time is helpful for the wider application of this technology.
57 patients with Reinke’s edema, who were admitted from November 2010 to June 2018, were enrolled as research subjects for the retrospective analysis. 27 patients were the knot pusher group (from November 2010 to March 2015), and 30 patients were the two-handed tying group (from April 2015 to June 2018). Evaluation indicators include the number of knots, the average time for suturing and tying the knot for each patient, and the occurrence of complications, subjective and objective voice assessments.
All patients underwent successful operation. The average time for making knots in the knot pusher group and two-handed tying group was 668.40 ± 173.73 s and 328.73 ± 121.0 s, respectively, and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.001). No significant difference was noted in the mucosal avulsion, overall incidence of complications between the groups, and no significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of the preoperative and 3-month postoperative subjective and objective indicators.
Microsuturing of Reinke’s edema microflaps using the two-handed tying technique can achieve the similar effect with the knot pusher method, and save operation time while the surgeon is well trained.
Level of evidence
KeywordsMicrosuture Reinke’s edema Tying technique
This study was supported by Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China (2018A030313691).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declared that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.