European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 276, Issue 5, pp 1493–1499 | Cite as

Three-dimensional evaluation of maxillary sinus volume in different age and sex groups using CBCT

  • Ceren Aktuna BelginEmail author
  • Mehmet Colak
  • Ozkan Adiguzel
  • Zeki Akkus
  • Kaan Orhan
Head & Neck



Sinus maxillaris is an important anatomical formation in many branches of dentistry due to its proximity to the field of work. Various methods have been used in literature to measure the maxillary sinus volume (MSV) such as cadavers, stereology, two-dimensional conventional radiographs, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The aim of this study is to evaluate the change of maxillary sinus volume according to age and gender with MIMICS 19.0 (Materialise HQ Technologielaan, Leuven, Belgium) which is one of three-dimensional modeling software.

Materials and methods

This study was performed in 200 patients selected by a retrospective review of the archives of the Dicle University, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. Patients were divided into five age groups (18–24 years, 25–34 years, 35–44 years, 45–54 years, and ≥ 55 years) and by sex. Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of the patients were transferred to the MIMICS software and the MSV was measured. All statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences, version 21) software.


There was no statistically significant difference between the right and left maxillary sinus volume according to the findings obtained from our study, and maxillary sinus volume in males was found to be significantly higher than that of females. Another finding of our study is that the maxillary sinus volume decreases with age increase. Especially it was also found that the sinus volume in males in the 18–24 age group was statistically significantly higher than females.


Consequently, maxillary sinus volume measurements can be made on CT, CBCT, MRI scans using reconstruction software.


Maxillary sinus volume Cone-beam computed tomography Third party software 



This work supported by the Dicle University Scientific Research Projects Coordination (Projects No: DİŞ.17.015).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statements

The Ethics Committee of the Dicle University Dentistry Faculty approved this retrospective study. All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of DentistryHatay Mustafa Kemal UniversityHatayTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of DentistryDicle UniversityDiyarbakirTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Endodontics, Faculty of DentistryDicle UniversityDiyarbakirTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of MedicineDicle UniversityDiyarbakirTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of DentistryAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  6. 6.Department of Imaging and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, OMFS IMPATH Research GroupUniversity of Leuven, University Hospitals LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

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