A reliable method to avoid contamination during cartilage graft preparation in septorhinoplasty
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The aim of the study is to determine the risk of contamination in the cartilage graft materials prepared on the swester table and those prepared in a sterile package, and to reveal a more reliable method by performing the microbiological examination of these materials.
Cartilages removed from the nasal septum were divided into four pieces. The first part (Sample A) was directly placed into the medium. Sample B was prepared by being crushed in a sterile package. Sample C was prepared on the auxiliary swester table, and Sample D was prepared on the main swester table actively used by surgery team. All samples were transferred in a 1 ml brain heart(BH) liquid medium. From each BH medium, 100 µl culture was performed on blood agar, eosin–methylene blue–lactose–sucrose agar and chocolate agar.
Bacterial growth was detected in 2 of the samples A, in 4 of the samples B, in 24 of the samples C, and in 36 of the samples D. The number of patients with bacterial growth in the samples C and/or D despite no growth in the sample B was 35. When the samples A/B and C/D were compared in terms of bacterial growth, a significant difference was found in all matchings (p < 0.001 for all comparisons).
These findings showed that preparation of the cartilage grafts on the swester table was extremely risky for microbiological contamination. Arslan and his colleagues suggest that preparing a graft material in a sterile package is extremely simple, cheap, and it also reduces contamination risk significantly.
KeywordsBacterial growth Cartilage grafts Microbiological contamination Septorhinoplasty
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