The anatomical and radiological evaluation of the Vidian canal on cone-beam computed tomography images

  • İlhan BahşiEmail author
  • Mustafa Orhan
  • Piraye Kervancıoğlu
  • Eda Didem Yalçın



The aim of this study is to explore the anatomy of the Vidian nerve to elucidate the appropriate surgical approach based on preoperative cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Materials and methods

The Vidian canal and its surrounding structures were morphometrically evaluated retrospectively in CBCT images of 400 cases by the Planmeca Romexis program. The types of the Vidian canal were determined and seven parameters were measured from the images.


Three types of the Vidian canal according to the relationship with the sphenoid bone were found as follows: the Vidian canal totally protruded into the sphenoid sinus (19.75%), partially protruded into sphenoid sinus (44.37%) and embedded inside bony tissue of the body of sphenoid bone (35.87%). The position of the Vidian canal was medial (34.62%), on the same line (55.12%) and lateral (10.25%) to the medial plate of the pterygoid process. The distance between the Vidian canal and the vomerine crest, the mid-sagittal plane, the round foramen, the palatovaginal canal, and the superior wall of the sphenoid sinus, the length of the Vidian canal and the angle between the Vidian canal and the sagittal plane was found to be 16.69 ± 2.14, 13.80 ± 2.00, 8.88 ± 1.60, 5.83 ± 1.37, 23.98 ± 2.68, 13.29 ± 1.71 mm and 25.78° ± 3.68° in males, 14.62 ± 1.66, 11.43 ± 1.28, 8.51 ± 1.63, 5.78 ± 0.57, 22.37 ± 2.07, 12.91 ± 1.26 mm and 23.43° ± 3.07° in females, respectively.


Our results may assist with proper treatment for surgical procedures around the Vidian canal with a high success rate and minimal complications. Therefore, the results obtained in this study contribute to the literature.


Pterygoid canal Vidian canal Vidian neurectomy 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the ethics committee of Gaziantep University (approval date and number: 26 September 2018; 2018/256). We declare that this human study has been approved by the ethics committee of Gaziantep University and has, therefore, been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

Informed consent

A formal informed consent procedure was waived due to the retrospective nature of this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Anatomy, Faculty of MedicineGaziantep UniversityGaziantepTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of DentistryGaziantep UniversityGaziantepTurkey

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