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Temporal bone trauma effects on auditory anatomical structures in mastoid obliteration

  • Aranka Ilea
  • Anca Butnaru
  • Silviu Andrei Sfrângeu
  • Mihaela Hedeșiu
  • Cristian Mircea Dudescu
  • Bianca Adina Boșca
  • Veronica Elena Trombitaș
  • Radu Septimiu Câmpian
  • Silviu Albu
Head & Neck

Abstract

Purpose

The risk of temporal bone fractures in head trauma is not negligible, as injuries also depend on the resistance and integrity of head structures. The capacity of mastoid cells to absorb part of the impact kinetic energy of the temporal bone is diminished after open cavity mastoidectomy, even if the surgical procedure is followed by mastoid obliteration. The aim of our study was to evaluate the severity of lesions in auditory anatomical structures after a lateral impact on cadaveric temporal bones in which open cavity mastoidectomy followed by mastoid obliteration was performed, compared to cadaveric temporal bones with preserved mastoids.

Methods

The study was carried out on 20 cadaveric temporal bones, which were randomly assigned to two groups. In the study group, open cavity mastoidectomy followed by mastoid obliteration with heterologous materials was performed. All temporal bones were impacted laterally under the same conditions. Temporal bone fractures were evaluated by CT scan.

Results

External auditory canal fractures were six times more seen in the study group. Tympanic bone fractures were present in 80% of the samples in the study group and 10% in the control group (p = .005). Middle ear fractures were found in 70% of the samples in the study group and 10% in the control group (p = .02). Otic capsule violating fractures of the temporal bone were present only in the study group.

Conclusions

Mastoid obliteration with heterologous materials after open cavity mastoidectomy increases the risk of fracture, with the involvement of auditory anatomical structures.

Keywords

Temporal bone fracture Mastoidectomy Mastoid obliteration Auditory anatomical structures Cadaveric study 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was funded by the “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Internal Grant no. 4944/8/08.03.2016.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee (Ethics Committee of “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania, No. 250/22.02.2011) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

The study was conducted on temporal bone harvested from human cadavers donated to the “Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Oral Health and Dental Office Management, Faculty of Dentistry“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Department of Dental Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and PharmacyCluj-NapocaRomania
  4. 4.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of MechanicsTechnical University Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania
  5. 5.Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania
  6. 6.Department of Cervicofacial and ENT Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania
  7. 7.Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Oral Health and Dental Office Management, Faculty of Dentistry“Iuliu Hațieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-NapocaCluj-NapocaRomania

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