Comparison of the effect of the lidocaine, tetracaine, and articaine application into nasal packs on pain and hemorrhage after septoplasty
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We purposed to compare the effects of certain local anesthetics soaked Merocel nasal packs on hemorrhage and pain after septoplasty.
Materials and methods
This study is a prospective double-blind study that was done in patients undergoing septoplasty. The study was created with 90 patients. All patients were divided into four groups. The each group was applied 2% lidocaine plus adrenaline, 2% tetracaine, 4% articaine plus adrenaline as study groups or 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) as control group in their Merocel packs after septoplasty. Verbal analog scale (VAS) was applied to all patients and the amount of postoperative hemorrhage was noted during postoperative period. The statistical analysis was performed using Student’s t test and Chi-square test on each patient group at each time point.
The study groups (2% lidocaine plus adrenaline, 2% tetracaine and 4% articaine plus adrenaline groups) had significantly better pain scores versus control group in the 1st, 4th, 8th, 16th and 24th postoperative hours (p < 0.05). The articaine plus adrenaline group had better pain scores than the lidocaine plus adrenaline group, and the lidocaine plus adrenaline group had better pain scores than the tetracaine group in the postoperative first day. Also articaine plus adrenaline group had less postoperative bleeding rate than the lidocaine plus adrenaline, tetracaine and control groups (p < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the lidocaine plus adrenaline, tetracaine and control groups in terms of postoperative hemorrhage (p > 0.05).
Topical articaine plus adrenaline application in the nasal packs can be safely used for less pain and bleeding following septoplasty.
KeywordsNasal pack Septoplasty Pain Bleeding Local anesthetic
No funding was received for this research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
All authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest (such as honoraria; educational grants; participation in speakers’ bureaus; membership, employment, consultancies, stock ownership, or other equity interest; and expert testimony or patent-licensing arrangements), or non-financial interest (such as personal or professional relationships, affiliations, knowledge or beliefs) in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee (name the institution/committee) and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.