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European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 275, Issue 4, pp 913–922 | Cite as

Cochlear implantation in the elderly: outcomes, long-term evolution, and predictive factors

  • Leire Garcia-IzaEmail author
  • Zuriñe Martinez
  • Ane Ugarte
  • Mercedes Fernandez
  • Xabier Altuna
Otology

Abstract

Objective

Our goal in this study is to find out the outcomes of cochlear implantation in elderly (> 60 years) and check if this improvement is similar to that of their younger counterparts in short- and long-term evolution. In addition, we have attempted to ascertain the predictive factors that might affect the verbal comprehension results of older patients.

Study design

Retrospective cohort study.

Methods

Ninety-four patients older than 40 years, divided into two groups. 40–60 years n = 55 and > 60 years n = 39. A pure-tone audiometry, a disyllabic word test, and the test of phonetically balanced sentences of Navarra were made in silence to each patient. These measurements were made pre-implantation and 1, 5, and 10 year post-implantation. Peri- and postoperative complications were registered. The hypothetic predictive factors of post-implanted performance were evaluated in the elderly.

Results

Our study shows no significant difference between young and old adult´s outcomes in short- and long-term evolutions, nor in the complication rate. Furthermore, we proved the significant influence of the side of implantation, use of hearing aids, and duration of hearing loss in the short- and long-term results in the elderly.

Conclusion

This study shows that cochlear implantation in the elderly is as safe, useful, and worthwhile as in young adults. Age has a low influence in cochlear implant outcomes; however, we have found the significant influence of the side of implantation, the use of hearing aids, and the duration of hearing loss in the short- and long-term results.

Keywords

Cochlear implants Elderly Profound hearing loss Age effect Predictive factor Performance 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryDonostia University HospitalDonostia-San SebastianSpain

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