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European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 273, Issue 12, pp 4315–4319 | Cite as

The effect of the presence of the accessory maxillary ostium on the maxillary sinus

  • Alper YenigunEmail author
  • Zeliha Fazliogullari
  • Cihat Gun
  • Ismihan Ilknur Uysal
  • Alaaddin Nayman
  • Ahmet Kagan Karabulut
Rhinology

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the presence of the accessory maxillary ostium and its effects on the maxillary sinus, and the concurrent occurrence of morphological variations of neighboring anatomical structures. This study was performed in a tertiary referral center. This is a cross-sectional retrospective study that evaluated coronal CTs of patients to determine the frequency of the accessory maxillary ostium and investigated any simultaneous morphological variations in neighboring anatomical structures. The presence of the accessory maxillary ostium (AMO) plus any concurrent morphological variations of neighboring structures were investigated in 377 patients, with 754 sides. AMO was found to be present in 19.1 % (72/377) of the patients. A concurrent mucus retention cyst was found to be statistically significant on both sides (right side: p = 0.00, left side: p = 0.00), as well as mucosal thickening (right side: p = 0.00, left side: p = 0.00), and maxillary sinusitis (right side: p = 0.04, left side: p = 0.03). No other concurrent variations of statistical significance were detected in the neighboring structures. Our study demonstrated that with the presence of AMO, the likelihood of encountering a mucus retention cyst (48.6 %) had an approximately threefold increase, and that of encountering mucosal thickening (43.0 %) and maxillary sinusitis (29.1 %) had a twofold increase.

Keywords

Paranasal sinuses Accessory maxillary ostia Mucus retention cyst Sinusitis Computer tomography 

Abbreviations

AMO

Accessory maxillary ostium

ANC

Agger nasi cells

CT

Computed tomography

HC

Haller cells

HIC

Hypertrophy of inferior concha

MRC

Mucus retention cyst

MS

Maxillary sinusitis

MT

Mucosal thickening

PMC

Pneumatization of middle concha

SD

Septal deviation

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Funding source, financial disclosures

None.

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alper Yenigun
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zeliha Fazliogullari
    • 2
  • Cihat Gun
    • 2
  • Ismihan Ilknur Uysal
    • 2
  • Alaaddin Nayman
    • 3
  • Ahmet Kagan Karabulut
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of MedicineBezmialem Vakif UniversityFatihTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy, Selcuklu Faculty of MedicineSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Selcuklu Faculty of MedicineSelcuk UniversityKonyaTurkey

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