European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 273, Issue 6, pp 1477–1480 | Cite as

Assessment of the effect of deviated nasal septum on the structure of nasal cavity

Rhinology

Abstract

The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of DNS on the structure of nasal cavity. The paranasal sinus coronal view CT of 108 patients with DNS and 129 hospitalized patients without DNS was retrospectively analyzed. The transverse diameter of nasal cavity (a), transverse diameter of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus (b), angle between maxillary and palatal bone, interalveolar distance, and maxillary rotation distance were measured. The ratio of a/b in experimental group was 0.367 ± 0.006 which was significantly (P = 0.0023) less than that in control group (0.391 ± 0.005). For the angle between maxillary and palatal bone, there was no significant difference found between DNS and control group for both right and left sides. The interalveolar distance was 40.75 mm in experimental group, and 38.8 mm in control (P = 0.0002). For the maxillary rotation distance, findings were considered as significant (P < 0.0001) in experimental group (11.25 mm) compared with control (10.1 mm). The present study demonstrates that long-term DNS affects the development of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus, as well as increases the interalveolar distance and maxillary rotation distance. These influences may be caused by the alteration of airflow inside the nasal cavities.

Keywords

Deviated nasal septum Nasal cavity Paranasal sinus Interalveolar distance Maxillary rotation distance 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryNanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical SchoolNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck SurgeryDrum Tower Clinical Medical College of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyNanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical SchoolNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Key Lab of Modern Toxicology of Ministry of Education, School of Public HealthNanjing Medical UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.State Key Lab of Reproductive Medicine, Institute of ToxicologyNanjing Medical UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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