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Otolaryngologic manifestations of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis

Abstract

Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is characterized by formation of large cervical osteophytes that may compress the posterior wall of the aerodigestive tract. It is a rare cause of dysphagia in the elderly. The aim of this study was to investigate the various otolaryngologic manifestations of DISH. Eleven elderly patients with DISH were included in the study. All patients presented with dysphagia that was graded on the swallowing screening tool (EAT-10), and the diagnosis of DISH was based on computed tomographic criteria. The patients were subjected to otolaryngologic examination and flexible laryngoscopy. Polysomnography was used for patients with excessive daytime sleepiness for detection of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In addition to dysphagia of varying severity, OSA was found in nine patients, change of voice in six, globus sensation in seven, aspiration in three, and cervical pain in seven. Flexible laryngoscopy showed bulging of the posterior pharyngeal wall in all patients. DISH may be an unrecognized contributory factor to both dysphagia and OSA in the elderly. Change of voice, aspiration, globus sensation, and cervical pain are other otolaryngologic manifestations that may be encountered symptoms of the disease. An otolaryngologist should be aware of the disease that may be overlooked, and computed tomography is a confirmatory diagnostic method.

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Acknowledgments

We are grateful to the staff of the departments of radiology and orthopedic surgery in our institute for their assistance and contribution.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Author information

Correspondence to Mosaad Abdel-Aziz.

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Abdel-Aziz, M., Azab, N.A., Rashed, M. et al. Otolaryngologic manifestations of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 271, 1785–1790 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00405-013-2827-z

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Keywords

  • Dysphagia
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Cervical osteophytes
  • DISH
  • Cervical pain