Endoscopic and combined external–transnasal endoscopic approach for the treatment of inverted papilloma: analysis of 110 cases
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the endoscopic approach for the management of inverted papilloma (IP) of the nose and paranasal sinuses and the possible factors associated with its recurrence. One hundred and forty-one patients affected by an IP originating at the level of the sinonasal tract were treated surgically using an endoscopic technique alone or a combined external–endoscopic approach at the ENT Department of the University of Bologna between January 1994 and December 2012. Of these patients, 110 were selected for the recurrence analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to detect risk factors for IP recurrence. The patients had a mean follow-up of 56.7 months (24–167 months). Seven cases (6.3 %) of recurrence were observed in patients treated with the endoscopic approach for the primary or recurrent tumor. Previous surgery (p = 0.005) and number of previous surgical procedures (p = 0.003) were associated with higher recurrence rate. The number of previous operations was associated to recurrence-free survival at Cox regression analysis. In our study, the endoscopic approach showed itself to be a useful tool for the radical resection of an IP. The endoscopic approach should be tailored for the different extensions of IP. Recurrent cases showed an increased risk of further recurrence. Therefore, these should be treated paying particular attention to the boundaries of the primary tumor.
KeywordsInverted papilloma Endoscopic surgery Nasal endoscopy Nasal tumors
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