Laryngeal injuries following endotracheal intubation in ENT surgery: predictive value of anatomical scores
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Endotracheal intubation has been associated with a threefold higher incidence of laryngopharyngeal complaints following anesthesia in comparison to laryngeal mask airway. Such complaints, including hoarseness and sore throat, have been reported in up to 90 % of patients within 24 h of extubation. The purpose of this study was to determine which preoperatively documented clinical and anatomic parameters are predictive of laryngo-pharyngeal trauma resulting from elective endotracheal intubation. Fifty-three patients undergoing ENT procedures requiring general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation were recruited. Pre and postoperative laryngostroboscopic examination was performed and findings correlated to preoperative clinical and anatomic parameters. Readily assessed anatomic parameters including height (>180 cm) and weight (>80 kg) correlated significantly to the Eckerbom grade of intubation-associated acute laryngeal injury (rs = 0.374; p = 0.006 and rs = 0.278; p = 0.044, respectively). The mandibular protrusion test also correlated significantly to the Eckerbom grade (rs = 0.462, p = 0.001) while the upper-lip-bite test showed significant correlation to impaired vocal fold oscillation (rs = 0.288, p = 0.036), with injury prediction sensitivities of 37.5 and 39.4 %, respectively. No parameters correlated to subjective complaints (n = 5, 9.2 %). This study provides suggestions on how to improve the classification of intubation-associated laryngeal injuries as well as providing the basis for larger clinical trials in other surgical subspecialties.
KeywordsVocal fold sequelae Endotracheal intubation Laryngeal trauma Mandibular protrusion test Anatomical scores
Conflict of interest
R. Knecht is a member of the Advisory Boards of Merck Serono, Sanofi Aventis, Boehringer Ingelheim and Bayer Healthcare, Leverkusen. The other authors report no conflict of interest.
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