European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 270, Issue 3, pp 875–879 | Cite as

A clinical study of audiological profile in diabetes mellitus patients

  • A. Jagdish Kumar Sunkum
  • Srinidhi Pingile


The aim of this study is to compare the hearing thresholds of the diabetic patients with the age- and sex-matched normal control group regarding age, glucose level, duration and complications of diabetes with the degree of hearing impairment. Pure tone audiometry was performed in 58 patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus and compared with 58 age- and sex-matched controls. The patients were categorized into groups according to age, duration of diabetes, complications and control of diabetes. These observations were compared with those from the control subjects. 15–50 years age group with diabetes showed a significant high frequency hearing loss, as compared to the controls. Complicated and poorly controlled diabetics have significant degree of hearing loss in high frequencies as compared to those who were well controlled and uncomplicated. There was also a correlation between the level of hearing loss and duration of diabetes.


Diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2 Sensory neural hearing loss Pure tone audiometry 


Conflict of interest



  1. 1.
    Axelsson A, Fagerberg SE (1968) Auditory function in diabetics. Acta Otolaryngol 66:49–64PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Axelsson ALF, Sigroth Kjell (1978) Hearing in diabetics. Acta Oto-Laryngologica 356(Suppl (Stockh)):3–23Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Axelsson ALF (1978) Hearing in Diabetes. Lakartidningen 75(23):2301–2303PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Camisasca L (1950) L’esame dell’apparato cochleo-vestibulare nel diabetemellito. G Sci Med 5:45–49Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Costa OA (1967) Inner ear pathology in experimental diabetes. Laryngoscope 77:68–75PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Diamond J (2011) Diabetes in India. Nature 469:478–479PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Edgar TO. Klinische Untersuchungen uber die Erkrankungen des Gehororgans bei Diabetes Mellitus mit besonderer Berucksichtigung der Erkrankungen des inneren Ohres (1915). Mschr Ohrenheilk LaryngoRhinol 49:225–260Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ferrer JP, Biurrum O, Lorente J, Conget JI, de Espa’na R et al (1991) Auditory function in young patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 11(1):17–22PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gibbin KP, Davis CG (1981) A hearing survey in diabetes mellitus. Clin Otolaryngol 6:345–350PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jordao AMD (1857) Consideration sur un cas du diabete. Union Medicale de Paris 11:446Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jorgensen MB, Buch NH (1961) Studies on inner ear and cranial nerves in diabetes. Acta Otolaringologica 53:350–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kakarlapudi V, Sawyer R, Staecker H (2003) The effect of diabetes on sensorineural hearing loss. Otol Neurotol 24:382–386PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kroc collaboration study group (1984) Blood glucose control and evaluation of diabetic retinopathy and albumin. A preliminary multicenter trial. New Engl J Med 311:365–372CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kurien M, Thomas K, Bhanu TS (1989) Hearing threshold in patients with diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol 103(2):164–168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Lisowska G, Namysłowski G, Morawski K, Strojek K (2001) Early identification of hearing impairment in patients with type I diabetes mellitus. Otol Neurotol 22:316–320PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Marulo T (1975) Perceptive hypoacusias in diabetes mellitus. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol 95 (5)(Suppl 6):253–271Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Taylor IG, Irwin J (1978) Audiological aspects of diabetes mellitus. J Laryngol Otol 92(2):99–113PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ENTMamata Medical College and HospitalKhammamIndia

Personalised recommendations