European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 269, Issue 6, pp 1635–1646 | Cite as

Subtotal laryngectomy: outcomes of 469 patients and proposal of a comprehensive and simplified classification of surgical procedures

Laryngology

Abstract

Long-term oncological and functional results from a retrospective study on 469 patients over a 10-year period of subtotal laryngectomies (SL), 399 supracricoid partial laryngectomies (SCL) and 70 supratracheal partial laryngectomies (STL) are presented. The mean follow-up time was 97 months (range 60–165 months). Acute complications, types and rates of late sequelae, functional results, 2-year post-operative scores of laryngeal function and quality of life are reported. The observed long-term results were: SCL, 5-year overall and disease-free survival: 95.6, and 90.9%, respectively; 2-year post-operative laryngeal function preservation: 95.7%; STL, 5-year overall and disease-free survival: 80 and 72.9%, respectively; 2-year post-operative laryngeal function preservation: 80%. The performance status scale for laryngeal function preservation showed very high 2-year scores, with no significant differences depending on the type and extent of surgery. The adopted type of function-sparing surgery provided overall and disease-free survival rates that were somewhat better than those reported in studies based on organ-sparing protocols with chemoradiotherapy. The rate of total laryngectomy of completion in this series was 4.4%. A new classification of the current horizontal partial laryngectomies is also proposed, namely “Horizontal Laryngectomy System” (HOLS), based on the extent of surgical removal of laryngeal structures.

Keywords

Subtotal laryngectomies Supracricoid partial laryngectomies Supratracheal partial laryngectomies Laryngeal function preserving surgical protocol Laryngeal cancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Rizzotto
    • 1
  • E. Crosetti
    • 2
  • M. Lucioni
    • 1
  • G. Succo
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyOspedale Civile of Vittorio VenetoBellunoItaly
  2. 2.Department of OtorhinolaryngologyOspedale MartiniTurinItaly
  3. 3.ENT DepartmentOspedale MartiniTorinoItaly

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