European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 269, Issue 8, pp 1979–1984 | Cite as

Transoral robotic surgery for head and neck carcinomas

  • Stéphane HansEmail author
  • Cécile Badoual
  • Philippe Gorphe
  • Daniel Brasnu
Head and Neck


The objective of this study was prospectively to assess the feasibility and safety of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in head and neck carcinomas and to report our learning curve and 2-year outcomes. Patients with oropharyngeal, hypopharyngeal and laryngeal tumors treated with TORS were prospectively included. We evaluated: the feasibility of TORS, robotic set-up time, transoral robotic surgery time, blood loss, surgical margins, tracheotomy, feeding tube, time to oral feeding and surgery-related complications. Twenty-three patients were treated for 25 carcinomas. Twenty-two patients underwent successful robotic resection for 24 carcinomas (96%). One patient required conversion to open surgery due to massive bleeding. The mean robotic set-up time was 25 min (range: 15–100 min) and mean TORS operating time was 70 min (range: 20–150 min). Positive margin of resection was observed in one patient (classified pT3) out of the 24 cancers and was managed by postoperative chemoradiation. No tracheotomy was performed. Three patients required prolonged intubation for a mean of 22 h. Two patients required a temporary gastrostomy (for 2 and 3.5 months, respectively). All other patients resumed oral feeding between the first and third postoperative day. The mean hospital stay was 6.4 days (range: 4–19 days). No postoperative complication occurred. Mean follow-up was 20 months (median: 19, range: 14–26). No death and no case of local or metastatic failure were observed. TORS is feasible and safe for the resection of selected head and neck carcinomas. The occurrence of intraoperative bleeding emphasizes the need for surgeons to be skilled in both transoral and open approaches.


Transoral robotic surgery Head and neck carcinomas Minimally invasive surgery 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphane Hans
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Cécile Badoual
    • 2
    • 3
  • Philippe Gorphe
    • 1
    • 2
  • Daniel Brasnu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck SurgeryHôpital Européen Georges PompidouParisFrance
  2. 2.Assistance Publique—Hôpitaux de Paris, Faculté de médecineUniversité Paris DescartesSorbonne ParisFrance
  3. 3.Department of PathologyHôpital Européen Georges PompidouParisFrance

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