Twisted nose: a new simple classification and surgical algorithm in Asians
The purpose of this study was to present our experiences with correction of twisted nose in Asian patients using a new and simple classification and a surgical algorithm. A classification and standard surgical algorithm was followed to determine treatment strategies for 384 patients with twisted nose between June 2001 and July 2009. A retrospective chart review from the Tri-Service General Hospital archives was performed to collect patients’ data and surgical details. A follow-up self-evaluation survey regarding satisfaction with nasal function and esthetics was distributed to all participants. Preoperative and postoperative standardized photography of the face were evaluated to judge objectively the esthetic outcomes of the surgery. There were 147, 131, and 106 patients in Type I, Type II, and Type III patients, respectively. The percentages of functionally satisfied and very satisfied patients were 95.2, 93.9, and 93.4% in Type I, Type II, and Type III groups, respectively. The percentages of esthetically satisfied or very satisfied patients were 89.1, 88.5, and 87.7% in Type I, Type II, and Type III groups, respectively. There were only 2 patients with type III deviation with residual deviation of dorsum objectively who were satisfied with the results after undergoing a revision rhinoplasty. Aside from residual deviation, the postoperative periods were uneventful and without major complications. We propose a new and simple classification and surgical algorithm to optimally correct twisted nose deformities for Asian patients. The classification and surgical algorithm, which is simple and reproducible especially for beginner, guides surgical decisions that yield consistently satisfactory functional and esthetic results.
KeywordsTwisted nose Classification Surgical algorithm Asians
We wish to express our thanks to Ms. Barbara Baehr, postdoctoral tutor in medical English, UCSD for her review of this manuscript. This work was supported in part by Tri-Service General Hospital (TSGH-C100-178).