Allergic and idiopathic rhinitis: an ultrastructural study
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Nasal hyperreactivity is one of the most important underlying mechanisms in both allergic (AR) and idiopathic rhinitis (IR). In order to study the pathomorphological changes in this entity, tissue samples from patients with AR, IR, and from patients without chronic inflammation were taken during nasal surgery. Primary antibodies against Substance P (SP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and endothelial nitric oxide synthases (NOS III) were applied and the immunocomplexes were visualized by immunocytochemistry. The nasal mucosa of patients with AR and IR showed similarities on the ultrastructural level. Neurogenic inflammation was indicated by a strong innervation pattern with sensory nerve fibers containing SP and CGRP. We could show that extensive edema and cellular infiltration might be characteristic for AR. On other hand there was no evidence of eosinophilic or NO involvement in IR. Finally, on the ultrastructural level, AR and IR showed many similarities. Based on these findings anti-inflammatory therapy modalities could be recommended for both types of rhinitis.
KeywordsAllergic rhinitis Nasal mucosa Idiopathic rhinitis Electron microscopy Immunoelectron microscopy
The authors wish to thank Mrs. Vogtlaender, Mrs. B. Wolfsteller, and Mrs. K. Kriese for the technical assistance. Financial support was provided by the German Research Society (DFG, KN 501/1-2).
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