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European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology

, Volume 265, Issue 3, pp 307–311 | Cite as

An animal study on cartilage healing using auricular cartilage as a model

  • İlknur Haberal CanEmail author
  • Pergin Atilla
  • A. Nur Çakar
  • Metin Önerci
Rhinology

Abstract

We investigated the effect of different surgical procedures on cartilage healing, using auricular cartilage as a model, which would be useful to create a rationale for septal cartilage surgery. Different kinds of manipulations were performed on the auricular cartilage of six female New Zealand white rabbits. Histopathological investigations were performed under light microscopy 4 months postoperatively. The autologous cartilage grafts survived well under the forehead skin regardless of the presence of the perichondrium. The response of perichondrium to either incomplete or complete trauma was not only new cartilage formation but also ossification. When incomplete incisions were made on the non-perichondrial side, new cartilage formation was stimulated whereas ossification was induced when there was perichondrium on the cartilage. If the cartilage with perichondrium was sliced into small pieces and planted back in its original place, many ossification areas occurred. The crushed cartilage was usually absorbed but sometimes replaced by bony plates. The traumatized cartilage with perichondrium undergoes ossification. This finding may be important clinically in that surgeons should not traumatize septal cartilage with perichondrium and work under the perichondrium. This ossification of traumatized cartilage may later result in thickening of the septal cartilage which we sometimes face in revision surgery.

Keywords

Cartilage healing Auricular cartilage Nasal septal surgery Septoplasty 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Yildirim Haberal for his contribution to create Fig. 1 and Emrah Can for editing this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • İlknur Haberal Can
    • 1
    Email author
  • Pergin Atilla
    • 2
  • A. Nur Çakar
    • 2
  • Metin Önerci
    • 3
  1. 1.Ministry of Health Ankara Education and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Histology and EmbryologyHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Otolaryngology Head Neck SurgeryHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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