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VEMP recording by binaural simultaneous stimulation in subjects with vestibulo-cochlear disorders

  • Toshihisa Murofushi
  • Yoshinari Takai
  • Shinichi Iwasaki
  • Masaki Matsuzaki
Otology

Abstract

To reduce the testing time of vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) and the physical efforts of subjects, we studied if VEMP recording by binaural simultaneous stimulation in patients with vestibulo-cochlear disorders can be applicable as a screening test. Twenty-eight patients with vestibulo-cochlear disorders (12 men and 16 women, 22 to 77 years of age) were enrolled in this study. Patients were presented with binaural or monaural click (95 dBnHL) stimulation to record VEMPs. Their VEMP responses to binaural simultaneous stimulation were compared with those of monaural individual stimulation. Twenty-six of the 28 patients (93%) showed the same results in binaural simultaneous stimulation as in monaural individual stimulation. Amplitudes of p13-n23 to binaural simultaneous stimulation showed significant correlation to those of monaural individual stimulation ( r =0.774, P <0.0001 t -test). Peak latencies of p13 and n23 of binaural simultaneous stimulation also showed significant correlation to those of monaural individual stimulation (p13: r =0.684, P <0.0001 t -test, n23: r =0.657, P <0.0001 t -test). The binaural simultaneous stimulation method for VEMP recording is applicable for patients with vestibulo-cochlear disorders as a screening test in the clinic.

Keywords

Vestibular Vertigo Dizziness Binaural simultaneous stimulation Monaural individual stimulation Saccule Otolith Vestibulo-cochlear 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Toshihisa Murofushi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yoshinari Takai
    • 2
  • Shinichi Iwasaki
    • 2
  • Masaki Matsuzaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyTokyo Postal Services Agency HospitalTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity of Tokyo Faculty of MedicineTokyoJapan

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