Over-under tympanoplasty is a technique aimed at eliminating the disadvantages of the two classical techniques of overlay and underlay myringoplasty, which are employed in repairing the tympanic membrane. In this retrospective study, a total of 104 patients underwent myringoplasty, which was performed by means of the underlay technique in 46 patients and over-under technique in 58 patients. The mean follow-up period was 11 months. In the first group of patients, the underlay technique was performed; the grafted membrane was placed medial to the remaining drum and the manubrium of the malleus. In the second group, the over-under technique was performed; the grafted membrane was placed under the remaining drum and over the malleus. The rate of success in the first group of 46 patients was 91.5%, and that of atelectasis was 19.5%. The rate of success in the second group of 58 patients was 94.9% and 12%, respectively. Lateralization of the graft was not observed in either of the groups. In the patients operated on by means of the underlay technique, the air-bone gap decreased by 16.55 dB this rate was 16.96 dB in those operated on by the over-under technique. The authors consider over-under tympanoplasty to be superior to the other two classical methods not only because of its effectiveness, but also because of the results achieved by this technique.
Tympanoplasty Myringoplasty Tympanic membrane
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