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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 300, Issue 6, pp 1551–1557 | Cite as

Programmed intermittent epidural bolus decreases the incidence of intra-partum fever for labor analgesia in primiparous women: a randomized controlled study

  • Yuru Fan
  • Wenwen Hou
  • Shi Feng
  • Pengyuan Mao
  • Xian Wang
  • Jianan Jiang
  • Hongmei Yuan
  • Xiaofeng Shen
  • Shanwu FengEmail author
  • Ping LiEmail author
Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate whether programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) reduces the incidence of maternal intra-partum fever compared with continuous epidural infusion (CEI) during labor.

Methods

Parturients were randomized to receive CEI (CEI group) or PIEB (PIEB group) with 10 ml per hour for epidural labor analgesia with 1500 subjects in each group. The maintaining dose of two groups is 0.08% ropivacaine with 0.4 μg/ml sufentanil, with patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) dose of 5 ml and lockout interval of 30 min. The incidence of maternal fever, pain score, epidural sensory levels, the number and proportion of PCEA demand, anesthetics consumption, satisfaction score, neonatal Apgar scale, and maternal and neonatal side effects were recorded.

Results

It was significantly lower of the incidence of maternal fever beginning at 4 h post-analgesia and continuing until delivery in the PIEB group than the CEI group (4 h: 2.6% vs. 4.2%; 5 h: 7.3% vs. 10.2%; delivery: 5.6% vs. 7.9%; 1 h post-delivery: 3.9% vs. 6.2%; 2 h post-delivery: 2.1 vs. 3.5%; total: 5.8% vs. 8.4% in PIEB and CEI, respectively). Compared with CEI group, pain scores at 3, 4, 5 h post-analgesia and delivery (3 h: 2 [1, 2] vs. 2 [1–3]; 4 h: 2 [2, 3] vs. 3 [2–4]; 5 h: 2 [2, 3] vs. 3 [2–4]; delivery: 3 [2–4] vs. 4 [3, 4] in PIEB and CEI, respectively), the number and proportion of PCEA demand (number: 0.7 ± 0.9 vs. 2.2 ± 1.9; proportion: 42.0% vs. 80.3% in PIEB and CEI, respectively), and anesthetics consumption significantly decreased in the PIEB group (Ropivacaine: 60 ± 13 mg vs. 76 ± 17 mg; Sufentanil: 26 ± 4 mg vs. 32 ± 6 mg in PIEB and CEI, respectively), without severe maternal and neonatal side effects and any difference in neonatal Apgar scale. The epidural sensory levels 2 h post-analgesia (2 h: 8[8, 9] vs. 9[8, 9] in PIEB and CEI) and satisfaction score (9 [9, 10] vs. 7 [6, 7] in PIEB and CEI) were significantly higher in the PIEB group compared with those in the CEI group.

Conclusions

PIEB with 10 ml of 0.08% ropivacaine and 0.4 μg/ml sufentanil hourly provided a lower incidence of intra-partum fever with a better analgesic effect compared with CEI, without any severe maternal and neonatal adverse reactions.

Keywords

Continuous epidural infusion Intra-partum fever Labor analgesia Programmed intermittent epidural bolus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was supported by grant 81971045 of National Natural Science Foundation of China.

Author contributions

YRF Project development, data collection, WWH manuscript writing, data management, SF manuscript writing, PYM data collection, XW manuscript writing, JNJ data management, HMY data analysis, XFS project development, SWF project development, manuscript writing, PL project development, manuscript writing.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Labor and Delivery Room, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’ s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  3. 3.Department of Clinical MedicineKangda College of Nanjing Medical UniversityLianyungangChina
  4. 4.Department of Human Resources, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’ s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  5. 5.Department of Anesthesiology, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  6. 6.Operating Room, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’ s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina
  7. 7.Department of Gynecology, Nanjing Maternity and Child Health Care HospitalWomen’s Hospital of Nanjing Medical UniversityNanjingChina

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