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Dosing interval between mifepristone and misoprostol in second and third trimester termination

  • Natalia Prodan
  • Julia Breisch
  • Markus Hoopmann
  • Harald Abele
  • Philipp Wagner
  • Karl Oliver KaganEmail author
Maternal-Fetal Medicine
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Objective

To compare several strategies for second trimester labor induction for termination of pregnancy (TOP) using misoprostol and mifepristone and to determine which one is more effective in accelerating the time to delivery.

Method

This was a retrospective study in which pregnancies that underwent second and third trimester TOP due to fetal anomalies between 2007 and 2017 were classified into a group that received misoprostol alone, a group that received mifepristone followed by misoprostol on the same day, one where misoprostol was given 1 day after mifepristone and one where the medications were administered 2 days apart. The primary outcome measure was the induction to delivery interval.

Results

481 pregnancies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. In 140 cases, mifepristone was not administered. 341 women received mifepristone prior to induction, which was administered on the day of induction in 85 cases, and 1 or 2 days prior to induction in 140 and 19 cases. Median time interval between first induction and delivery was 15.0 (IQR 10.0–24.1) h in case no mifepristone was given and 13.2 (9.7–18.2) h if mifepristone was given on the same day and 9.3 (6.6–14.9) and 10.5 (7.2–22.3) h, if mifepristone was given 1 or 2 days prior to induction. After 24 h, the proportion of terminated pregnancies in each of the four groups was 75.0, 83.5, 93.2 and 78.9%.

Conclusion

A 1 day interval between mifepristone and misoprostol is more effective in second and third trimester TOP compared to other strategies in terms of reducing the induction to abortion interval.

Keywords

Mifepristone Misoprostol Induction Termination of pregnancy 

Notes

Author contributions

NP: data collection, manuscript writing and editing. JB: data collection. MH: data collection, manuscript writing and editing. HA: manuscript writing and editing. PW: manuscript writing and editing. KOK: conceptualization, project development, formal analysis, manuscript writing and editing.

Funding

No funding.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. This is a retrospective study that was approved by the local ethical committee (530/2018BO2).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyUniversity of TuebingenTübingenGermany

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