Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 297, Issue 5, pp 1245–1253 | Cite as

Does post-operative radiochemotherapy improve survival in high-grade endometrial cancer patients? Results of a population-based cohort analysis of a cancer registry

  • Sophia Scharl
  • Thomas Papathemelis
  • Karin Kronberger
  • Michael Gerken
  • Anton Scharl
  • Oliver Kölbl
  • Monika Klinkhammer-Schalke
Gynecologic Oncology



Adjuvant treatment of high-grade endometrial cancer varies greatly due to the lack of definitive results from controlled randomized trials on the subject. In a retrospective study, we sought to investigate the influence of post-operative radio-, chemo, and radiochemotherapy on survival time and recurrence rates among high-grade endometrial cancer patients.


284 high-grade endometrial cancer patients (FIGOI–III, or unknown classification) diagnosed between 1998 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent surgery. Overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and recurrence rates were compared for post-operative treatment modalities of radiotherapy alone (RT), chemotherapy alone (CTX), radiochemotherapy (RCT), and observation (OBS).


Post-operative RCT and RT resulted in a significantly improved 5-year OS of 94.1% (HR 0.104, CI 0.013–0.809) and 62.1% (HR 0.615, CI 0.390–0.969), respectively, compared to 43.6% for OBS. CTX did not significantly improve OS leading to a 5-year OS of 56.5% (HR 0.783, CI 0.224–2.740). 5-year recurrence rate was lowest for patients treated with RCT (5.3%). 5-year RFS was 94.1% for the RCT group and proved to be significantly superior to 58.8% for RT (HR 9.034, CI 1.184–68.948), 56% for CTX (HR 12.738, CI 1.337–121.346), and 37.4% for OBS (HR 16.407, CI 2.127–126.575), respectively. In comparison with OBS, RT alone resulted in a significant improvement in RFS (HR 0.551, CI 0.354–0.856).


Our retrospective population-based study indicates a survival benefit from treating high-grade endometrial cancer with post-operative RCT. Randomized controlled trials are needed to minimize potential confounding parameters and further clarify the subject.


Endometrial cancer Radiotherapy Chemotherapy Adjuvant treatment 


Author’s contributions

Protocol/project development: Scharl S, Papathemelis T, Scharl A, Kölbl O, and Klinkhammer-Schalke M. Data collection or management: Kronberger K and Gerken M. Data analysis: Kronberger K, Gerken M, and Scharl S. Manuscript draft: Scharl S. Manuscript revision: Papathemelis T, Scharl A, Kölbl O, and Klinkhammer-Schalke M


No funding was obtained

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval

Ethics approval and consent to participate: due to the analysis of data from a clinical cancer registry, no ethics approval was necessary. This was confirmed by the Ethics Committee at the Regensburg University, Regensburg, Germany.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik und Poliklinik für Strahlentherapie und RadioOnkologie, Klinikum rechts der IsarTechnische Universität München (TUM)MunichGermany
  2. 2.FrauenklinikAmbergGermany
  3. 3.Tumorzentrum Regensburg, Institut für Qualitätssicherung und Versorgungsforschung der, Universität RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  4. 4.Klinik und Poliklinik für StrahlentherapieUniversitätsklinikum RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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