Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 297, Issue 5, pp 1169–1173 | Cite as

Tubal restorative surgery for hydrosalpinges in women due to in vitro fertilization

  • Xiaoming Yu
  • He Cai
  • Xingbang Zheng
  • Junyan Feng
  • Jing GuanEmail author
General Gynecology



The study was carried out to clarify the IVF outcome after laparoscopic neosalpingostomy for infertile patients affected by hydrosalpinx stage III. Materials and Methods: From January 2010 to June 2015, 91 subjects of hydrosalpinx stage III were treated in out center by laparoscopic surgery before IVF cycle. 43 underwent neosalpingostomy (group 1) and the remaining 48 underwent salpingestomy (group 2). We compared these patients and their IVF outcomes after two different surgical techniques.


There were no significant differences between the two groups, except a higher number of patients with bilaterial hydrosalpinges was noted in the neosalpingostomy group (79.1% vs. 56.3%, respectively). 25 patients with neosalpingostomy and 29 with salpingectomy achieved pregnancy by IVF. The ongoing pregnancy rate per cycle in group 1 and group 2 was 51.1 and 47.2%, respectively. Two cases of ampullary ectopic pregnancies were noted in group 1 and one case of right tube interstitial pregnancy in group 2. No significant difference was observed in live birth rate between the groups (48.9% vs. 45.3%, respectively).


The outcomes of IVF after neosalpingostomy were matchable with salpingectomy. For patients desire to preserve fallopian tubes, we recommend laparoscopic neosalpingostomy as an alternative choice to manage moderate hydrosalpinx before IVF.


Hydrosalpinx Neosalpingostomy Salpingestomy IVF Pregnancy 


Authors’ contribution

Xiaoming Yu and He Cai contributed equally to this writing of initial manuscript and should be considered as co-first authors. Jing Guan. contributed to study concept. Xingbang Zheng and Junyan Feng contributed to literature review. Jing Guan and Xiaoming Yu contributed to substantial manuscript revisions. All authors approved the final manuscript version.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None of the authors have any conflict of interest associated with the study.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the local ethics committee of Peking University People’s hospital.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reproductive Medicine CenterPeking University People’s HospitalBeijingChina
  2. 2.Peking University International HospitalBeijingChina

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