Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 296, Issue 2, pp 263–268 | Cite as

Impact of surgery for endometriomas on pregnancy outcomes following in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Who should be the preferred laparoscopists: gynecologists or reproductive surgeons?

  • He Cai
  • Jing GuanEmail author
  • Huan Shen
  • Hongjing Han
  • Xiaoming Yu
General Gynecology



To investigate whether laparoscopic excision of ovarian endometriomas pretreated with operation by gynecologists or reproductive surgeons exerts different effects on in vitro fertilization-intracytoplasmic sperm injection results.

Materials and methods

Retrospective case control study. Relevant information was collected from the electronic records of women who underwent IVF/ICSI from 01/01/2013 to 30/12/2015 in our unit. The study group consisted of 35 women who previously had laparoscopic endometrioma excision by reproductive surgeons in our unit; the control group included 36 patients who underwent surgery for endometriomas by gynecologists in our hospital.


There were slightly higher numbers of AFC and higher pregnancy rate in the study group, although differences did not reach statistical significance. For patients over 35 years old, there were more oocyte retrieved, mature oocytes and two pronucei (2PN) in the study group than the control group although observed differences did not reach statistical significance.


Electrocautery is more deleterious on ovarian reserve than hemostatic suture. In procedure of patients who wish to conceive, surgeons should use hemostatic suturing technique preferentially.


Endometrioma Reproductive surgeons Gynecologists Laparoscopic cystectomy Ovarian reserve In vitro fertilization 


Compliance with ethical standards



Conflict of interest

None of the authors have any conflict of interest associated with the study.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the local ethics committee of Peking University People’s Hospital.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 165171 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • He Cai
    • 1
  • Jing Guan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Huan Shen
    • 1
  • Hongjing Han
    • 1
  • Xiaoming Yu
    • 1
  1. 1.Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Peking University People’s HospitalBeijingChina

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