Risk factors for cancer of cervix, status of screening and methods for its detection
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Cervical cancer is a major health problem of Indian women. It is the second most cancer after breast cancer. In India, every year many women suffer from this cancer because they are illiterate and ignored about cervix cancer severity. As India is a socio-economically backward country of the world, most of the women visiting doctor are from rural areas, they have poor hygienic conditions and many more cervical cancer risk factors.
So this review is an attempt to discuss about all of the major risk factors for cervical cancer, screening factors and detection methods for cervical cancer.
It aims to keep women of India keeping aside in rural areas informed about cervical cancer severity and its method of detection.
KeywordsPap test Cervical cancer HPV testing Hybrid DNA testing
We are thankful to Dr Bhagya Laxmi Nayak (assistant prof. Gynaeology and oncology), Dr Ashok Kumar Padhy (assistant prof. Gynaeology and oncology), AHRCC, Cuttack, Dr Luna Samanta (prof. Ravenshaw University), Dr Dhananjay Soren (Lect. Ravenshaw university) for their help for preparing this review.
Conflict of interest
Gangotree Mohanty, one of the authors declare that there is no conflict of interest among the authors.
All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.