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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 291, Issue 2, pp 247–249 | Cite as

Risk factors for cancer of cervix, status of screening and methods for its detection

  • Gangotree MohantyEmail author
  • S. N. Ghosh
Review

Abstract

Introduction

Cervical cancer is a major health problem of Indian women. It is the second most cancer after breast cancer. In India, every year many women suffer from this cancer because they are illiterate and ignored about cervix cancer severity. As India is a socio-economically backward country of the world, most of the women visiting doctor are from rural areas, they have poor hygienic conditions and many more cervical cancer risk factors.

Result

So this review is an attempt to discuss about all of the major risk factors for cervical cancer, screening factors and detection methods for cervical cancer.

Conclusion

It aims to keep women of India keeping aside in rural areas informed about cervical cancer severity and its method of detection.

Keywords

Pap test Cervical cancer HPV testing Hybrid DNA testing 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are thankful to Dr Bhagya Laxmi Nayak (assistant prof. Gynaeology and oncology), Dr Ashok Kumar Padhy (assistant prof. Gynaeology and oncology), AHRCC, Cuttack, Dr Luna Samanta (prof. Ravenshaw University), Dr Dhananjay Soren (Lect. Ravenshaw university) for their help for preparing this review.

Conflict of interest

Gangotree Mohanty, one of the authors declare that there is no conflict of interest among the authors.

Ethical standard

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2008 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ravenshaw UniversityCuttackIndia

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