Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 287, Issue 4, pp 621–628

Short cervix syndrome: current knowledge from etiology to the control

  • Hélio Antonio Guimarães Filho
  • Edward Araujo Júnior
  • Claudio Rodrigues Pires
  • Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
  • Antonio Fernandes Moron
Maternal-Fetal Medicine

Abstract

Background

Preterm delivery is one of the most serious public health problems and is the most important factor relating to neonatal morbidity and mortality. The strategies for preventing it include understanding the risk factors, with specific interventions. Recently, uterine cervix measurements using ultrasonography and vaginal administration of progesterone have gained importance in predicting and secondarily preventing spontaneous preterm delivery.

Objective

To describe the short cervix syndrome, including its etiology, diagnosis, and possible therapies.

Methods

Research in ISI, Pubmed, and Scielo database using the words short cervix, preterm delivery, sludge, cervical funneling, cervical gland area, progesterone, cerclage, and pessary.

Results

We found a lot of articles about this topic, including randomized controlled trials. The etiology is multifactorial, being the diagnosis based in a cervix shortening at 20–24 weeks. The history and measurement of cervix length by transvaginal ultrasound have been shown to be effective to select the high risk pregnancies. The progesterone, cervical cerclage, and cervical pessary showed to be effective to reduce the preterm delivery in pregnant women with short cervix.

Conclusion

The successful management of pregnant women presenting a short cervix depends on the understanding that cervical shortening is the final common path for several causes of preterm delivery. The best approach should be individualized to each patient.

Keywords

Short cervix Preterm delivery Transvaginal ultrasound Progesterone Cervical cerclage Cervical pessary 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hélio Antonio Guimarães Filho
    • 3
  • Edward Araujo Júnior
    • 1
  • Claudio Rodrigues Pires
    • 2
  • Luciano Marcondes Machado Nardozza
    • 1
  • Antonio Fernandes Moron
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ObstetricsFederal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP)São PauloBrazil
  2. 2.São Paulo Ultrasound Training Center (CETRUS)São PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Imaging Training Center (CETRIM)João PessoaBrazil

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