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Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 283, Issue 5, pp 1149–1158 | Cite as

Tubal anastomosis after tubal sterilization: a review

  • Xavier Deffieux
  • Michèle Morin Surroca
  • Erika Faivre
  • Frédérique Pages
  • Hervé Fernandez
  • Amélie Gervaise
Reproductive Medicine

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate various techniques for restoring tubal patency after sterilisation.

Methods

A search strategy was designed, and for each subject either thesaurus terms (MeSH descriptors) or terms from the title or summary were used.

Results

Mean length of hospital stay following laparoscopy seems to be shorter in comparison with laparotomy (3.3 vs. 6.1 days, P < 0.05). Rate of conversion to laparotomy is 5%. Pregnancy rates observed are between 54 and 88% for laparotomy and 31–85% for laparoscopy. Mean time to conception was between 2 and 9.6 months. Most pregnancies occurred in the 2 years following restoration of tubal patency (cumulative conception rate 80% at 12 months). Young age (<35 years), type of ligature (rings), how recently the ligature was done (<8 years), the anastomosis site (in the middle of the tube) and a good length of remaining tube (>7 cm) are the factors that govern whether there can be good restoration of tubal patency. Ectopic pregnancy rates observed are between 1.7 and 12% for laparotomy and 0–7% for laparoscopy. There are no randomised or quasi-randomised studies comparing tubal anastomosis and in vitro fertilization.

Conclusions

There are few good-quality controlled studies in this area. Results of restoration of tubal patency seem to be comparable, regardless of the route of approach (laparotomy or laparoscopy).

Keywords

Tubotubal anastomosis Tuboplasty Salpingostomy Salpingolysis Tubal implantation into uterus Microsurgical tuboplasty Tubal anastomosis Systematic review 

Notes

Conflict of interest

None.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xavier Deffieux
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michèle Morin Surroca
    • 3
  • Erika Faivre
    • 2
  • Frédérique Pages
    • 3
  • Hervé Fernandez
    • 1
    • 4
    • 5
  • Amélie Gervaise
    • 4
  1. 1.Faculté de MédecineUniversité Paris-SudParisFrance
  2. 2.AP-HP, Service De Gynécologie-Obstétrique et Médecine de la Reproduction, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine DepartmentHôpital Antoine BéclèreClamartFrance
  3. 3.Service évaluation des actes professionnels, Professional Procedures Evaluation DepartmentHaute Autorité de la SantéParisFrance
  4. 4.AP-HP, Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, CHU BicêtreHôpital Antoine BéclèreParisFrance
  5. 5.Inserm U822Le Kremlin BicêtreFrance

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