Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 283, Issue 5, pp 1027–1031 | Cite as

Laparoscopy-to-laparotomy quotient in obstetrics and gynecology residency programs

  • M. Sami WalidEmail author
  • Richard L. Heaton
General Gynecology



Laparoscopic skills are indispensable to the practice of present-day gynecologists. Hence, we investigated the share of minimal invasive surgery in the training of obstetricians and gynecologists.

Materials and methods

Information on resident experience from 197 obstetrics and gynecology (OBGYN) residency programs was obtained from the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics.


Over a period of 4 years, an OBGYN resident performs—as surgeon or assistant—on average 190 abdominal procedures including 111 abdominal hysterectomies as well as 53 vaginal hysterectomies and 95 operative laparoscopic procedures with or without hysterectomy. The average laparoscopy-tolaparotomy quotient (LPQ) is 0.54, and the average vaginal-to-abdominal hysterectomy quotient (VAQ) is 0.50.


More attention to minimal invasive surgery is needed in OBGYN residency programs.


Laparoscopy Laparotomy Residency Laparoscopy-to-laparotomy quotient Vaginal-to-abdominal hysterectomy quotient 


Conflict of interest statement


Supplementary material

404_2010_1477_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (127 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 126 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Center of Central GeorgiaMaconUSA
  2. 2.Heart of Georgia Women’s CenterWarner RobinsUSA

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