Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics

, Volume 272, Issue 3, pp 229–231 | Cite as

Rupture of the pregnant uterus: a 9-year review

Original Article

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the frequency of ruptured uterus, possible etiologic factors and fetomaternal outcomes. Study design: A retrospective chart view of all patients with ruptured uterus over a 9-year period from 1995 to 2003 was carried out. Relevant data relating to the clinical features, characteristics of labour, operative procedures, and fetomaternal outcomes were assessed. Results: During the study period there were 17 cases of ruptured uterus among a total of 117,095 deliveries, giving an incidence of 1 in 6,888 deliveries. Thirteen patients (76.5%) were multiparous and mean parity was 1.9. Uterine rupture occurred following vaginal delivery in ten patients. Caesarean delivery was performed in seven (41.2%) patients, of which five (29.4%) patients had a history of previous caesarean section. Abdominal hysterectomy was performed in 12 patients (70.6%), of which 9 (75.0%) were total and 3 (25.0%) were subtotal. The other five patients (29.4%) had suture repairs. In seven patients (41.2%), uterine rupture was associated with oxytocin use. There were one maternal and three perinatal (17.6%) deaths. Conclusion: Sudden fetal heart abnormalities in labouring patients should be taken as a potential sign of danger. Early diagnosis and immediate preoperative resuscitation are of great importance in cases of ruptured uterus. The fetomaternal outcomes can be improved with the experience and skill of the surgical team.

Keywords

Uterine rupture Rupture management Etiologic factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duzce School of MedicineAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityKonuralp/DuzceTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyGoztepe Educational Hospital of Social Insurance AssociationIstanbulTurkey

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