Water birth: is the water an additional reservoir for group B streptococcus?
- 465 Downloads
Objective: Water birth became popular in the last years, despite the fact that many questions like the risk of infection for the newborn remain unanswered. Group B streptococcal (GBS) infections in the newborn remain a challenge in obstetrics and neonatology. Method: We conducted a prospective trial to study the impact of water birth on the colonization rate of the bath water and, more importantly, the GBS-colonization rate of the newborn. Result: After water birth the bath water was significantly more often colonized with GBS than after immersion followed by a delivery in bed. The newborns, however, showed no difference in GBS colonization and there was even a trend towards less GBS colonization of the newborn after a water delivery. Conclusion: Regarding GBS colonization of the newborn during water birth there might be a wash out effect, which protects the children during the delivery.
KeywordsImmersion Water delivery Group B streptococcus
- 5.Cluett E, Pickering R, Getliffe K, Saunders N (2004) Randomized controlled trial of labouring in water compared with standard of augmentation for management of dystocia in first stage of labour. BMJ. DOI 10.1136/bmj.37963.606412EEGoogle Scholar
- 11.Ridgway GL, Tedder RS (1996) Birthing pools and infection control. BMJ 347:1051–1052Google Scholar