Microrelief of the skin using a light transmission method
- Cite this article as:
- De Paepe, K., Lagarde, JM., Gall, Y. et al. Arch Dermatol Res (2000) 292: 500. doi:10.1007/s004030000166
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Abstract The recently developed Skin Visiometer, based on light transmission through blue-coloured silicone replicas, was used to study skin microrelief. Calibrated metal plates displaying lines with depths between 6 and 361 μm, were used to determine the accuracy, sensitivity and reproducibility of the technique as well as the parameters of importance during measurement. The precision of the measurements was particularly good between 10 μm and 361 μm. The sensitivity of the method was between 10 and 20 μm. Replicas of volar forearm skin were taken from four groups (n = 15) of male and female volunteers in the age ranges 20 to ¶30 years and 55 to 65 years. In addition to the instrumental roughness parameters (Rz, Rt, Rm and Ra), the surface of the furrows, the number of primary and secondary lines and the number of intersections were determined. For both sexes, significantly lower values were observed for Rz, Rm and Rt in the younger age group than in the older age group. In addition, the numbers of primary and secondary lines and the number of intersections were higher, pointing to a more structured microrelief in younger forearm skin. Diurnal rhythm, the relative humidity of the measuring room and the position of the forearm were found to be significant factors, while room temperature and precleansing of the skin with mild products were not. Following the application of a hydrating cream (twice daily for 14 days) to the forearm skin of the older female age group, the Rz, Rt, Rm and Ra decreased, while the other parameters measured, except for the surface taken in by the lines, increased, indicating that the microrelief was modified towards the typical pattern observed in young skin.
Key words Skin microrelief Light transmission Replicas Ageing skin Hydration
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