Angiogenic activity in patients with psoriasis is significantly decreased by Goeckerman’s therapy
- 103 Downloads
Goeckerman’s therapy (GT) of psoriasis is based on daily application of pharmacy grade coal tar on affected skin with subsequent exposure to UV light. Goeckerman’s therapy is still the first line therapy of psoriasis in the Czech Republic because of its low cost and long-term efficacy. Disturbances in angiogenic activity are characteristic for the immunopathogenesis of psoriasis. An abnormal spectrum of cytokines, growth factors and proangiogenic mediators is produced by keratinocytes and inflammatory cells in patients suffering from the disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of GT of psoriasis on angiogenic activities by comparing serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in 44 patients with psoriasis in peripheral blood samples collected before and after therapy. Forty otherwise healthy blood donors serve as a control group. The efficacy of GT was delineated by psoriasis area and severity index (PASI). The disease activity was significantly diminished by GT (P < 0.001). The serum levels of both VEGF and bFGF were statistically significantly correlated to PASI value in patients before the treatment by GT. The serum levels of VEGF (329.4 ± 125.5 pg/ml) and bFGF (10.2 ± 5.04 pg/ml) in patients before GT were significantly higher than those measured in healthy blood donors (VEGF 236.4 ± 55.9 pg/ml, bFGF 7.3 ± 3.7 pg/ml). The serum levels of both VEGF and bFGF were significantly diminished by GT. The level of VEGF dropped from 329.4 ± 125.5 pg/ml before GT to 278.5 ± 109.9 pg/ml after GT (P = 0.0042) and the level of bFGF fell from 10.2 ± 5.04 to 7.78 ± 4.5 pg/ml (P = 0.019). Comparing to healthy controls, the serum level of bFGF in psoriasis patients was normalised (P = 0.5723) after GT. In contrast, the serum level of VEGF remained significantly increased in psoriasis patients after GT in comparison with healthy blood donors (P = 0.0319). In conclusion, we found that the angiogenic potential which is abnormally increased in patients with psoriasis is significantly alleviated by GT.
KeywordsPsoriasis Goeckerman’s therapy Angiogenesis bFGF VEGF
This study was supported by Ministry of Health Care, Czech Republic, project No. NR8154-3 and Ministry of Education, Czech Republic project No. MZO 00179906.
- 1.Arbiser JL, Govindarajan B, Battle TE, Lynch R, Frank DA, Ushio-Fukai M, Perry BN, Stern DF, Bowden GT, Liu A, Klein E, Kolodziejski PJ, Eissa NT, Hossain CF, Nagle DG (2006) Carbazole is a naturally occurring inhibitor of angiogenesis and inflammation isolated from antipsoriatic coal tar. J Invest Dermatol 126:1396–1402PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 16.Goeckerman WH (1925) Treatment of psoriasis. Northwest Med 24:229–231Google Scholar
- 24.Smolej L, Andrys C, Maisnar V, Pour L, Maly J (2005) Plasma concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor in lymphoproliferative disorders. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 48:57–58Google Scholar
- 27.Tille JC, Wood J, Mandriota SJ, Schnell C, Ferrari S, Mestan J, Zhu Z, Witte L, Pepper MS (2001) Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-2 antagonists inhibit VEGF- and basic fibroblast growth factor-induced angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 299:1073–1085PubMedGoogle Scholar
- 30.Young HS, Summers AM, Read IR, Fairhust DA, Plant DJ, Campalani E, Smith CH, Barker JN, Detmar MJ, Brenchley PE, Griffiths CE (2006) Interaction between genetic control of vascular endothelial growth factor production and retinoid responsiveness in psoriasis. J Invest Dermatol 126:453–459PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar