Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, Volume 139, Issue 4, pp 577–581 | Cite as

Biomechanical comparison of the proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis using a compression wire

  • Michael MillroseEmail author
  • Alexander Zach
  • Simon Kim
  • Claas Güthoff
  • Andreas Eisenschenk
  • Hans Christoph Vonderlind



Arthrodesis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the finger is a common procedure for the treatment of osteoarthritis. The aim of this biomechanical study was to compare the primary stability of one, respectively, two compression wires to intraosseous wiring and tension band wiring for the arthrodesis.

Materials and methods

The stability of the arthrodesis was tested by applying flexion (n = 11) and extension (n = 10) force with 10° bending. Arthrodesis was achieved by one, respectively, two crossed compression wires and intraosseous wiring. In a control group (n = 11) tension band wiring was tested to 10° flexion and extension as well.


Mean values for flexion bending for intraosseous wiring were 10.94 N, for one compression wire 12.82 N, for tension band wiring 17.95 N, and for two crossed compression wires 20.42 N. Mean values for extension bending were 9.71 N for intraosseous wiring, 13.63 N for one compression wire, 21.43 N for tension band wiring and 22.56 N for two crossed compression wires.


The primary stability of the compression wires was statistically significant superior to intraosseous wiring. In comparison to tension band wiring which showed an intermediate stability. The application of a compression wire could be considered for further clinical testing in the arthrodesis of interphalangeal joints.


Interphalangeal arthrodesis Compression wire Intraosseous wiring Biomechanical study 



The authors would like to thank Mrs. Alexandra Quooss for the biomechanical inputs.


There is no funding source.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Alexander Zach: workshop instructor and lecture for Königsee Implantate GmbH (Am Sand 4/OT Aschau, 07426, Allendorf, Germany). On behalf of all other authors, the corresponding author states that all other named authors hereby declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Ethical approval

This study was approved (Reference number: BB 130/13) by an institutional review board.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Hand SurgeryBerufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik MurnauMurnau am StaffelseeGermany
  2. 2.Department of Trauma SurgeryHelios Hanseklinikum StralsundBerlinGermany
  3. 3.Center for Hand-and Functional MicrosurgeryUniversity Medicine GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  4. 4.Center for Clinical Research, Department of Trauma and Orthopedic SurgeryUnfallkrankenhaus BerlinBerlinGermany
  5. 5.European Medical School, University Hospital for Orthopedics and TraumatologyKlinikum OldenburgOldenburgGermany

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