What is the tolerated width of periacetabular osteophytes to avoid impingement in cementless THA?: a three-dimensional simulation study
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Impingement is a risk factor for instability and prosthetic failure following total hip arthroplasty (THA). If the periacetabular osteophytes are not removed at surgery, impingement could occur between the osteophytes and the femoral stem following THA. However, excessive removal of the osteophytes could lead to bleeding from the bone. The aim of our study, therefore, was to locate the site of the impingement and to determine the width of tolerable osteophytes, which does not induce impingement during activities of daily living (ADL), using a three-dimensional simulation.
On 35 hip models, virtual THA was performed. The acetabular cups were positioned at 45° abduction and 20° anteversion, and the anteversion of femoral stems was 15°. Circular osteophytes with a 30-mm rim were built around the acetabular cup. Fourteen ADL motions were simulated, and the osteophytes were removed until there was no impingement. A clock face was used to map the location and the width of tolerable osteophytes.
The impingement mainly occurred in antero-superior and posterior portions around the acetabular cup. Only 4.2–6.2-mm osteophytes were tolerable at the antero-superior portion (12–3 o’clock) and 6.3–7.2-mm osteophytes at the posterior portion (8–10 o’clock) following a total hip arthroplasty. In antero-inferior and postero-superior portions, over-20-mm osteophytes did not induce any impingement.
Osteophytes in the antero-superior and posterior portion of the acetabulum should be excised during a THA to avoid impingement of the femur–stem construct on the acetabular osteophytes during ADLs.
KeywordsHip Arthroplasty Osteophyte Impingement Simulation
We specially thank Taehyun Nam, staff, Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital for advising of 3-D model segmentation and Tae Jin Shin, Director, Corentec for providing 3-D models of the THA implants.
There is no funding source.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
One of the authors was an Educational Consultant of Stryker & Smith and Nephew and got a grant from Bone Therapeutics.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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