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Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery

, Volume 136, Issue 1, pp 107–116 | Cite as

“One-step” bone marrow-derived cells transplantation and joint debridement for osteochondral lesions of the talus in ankle osteoarthritis: clinical and radiological outcomes at 36 months

  • Roberto Buda
  • Francesco Castagnini
  • Marco Cavallo
  • Laura Ramponi
  • Francesca Vannini
  • Sandro Giannini
Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine

Abstract

Introduction

Ankle osteoarthritis (OA) is a challenging pathology, often requiring surgical treatments. In young patients, joint sparing, biologic procedures would be desirable. Recently, a few reports have described the efficacy of bone marrow stem cells in OA. Considering the good outcomes of one-step bone marrow derived cells transplantation (BMDCT) for osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT), we applied this procedure for OLT in concomitant ankle OA.

Materials and methods

56 patients, with a mean age of 35.6 years (range 16–50), who suffered from OLT and ankle OA, were treated using BMDCT. All patients were clinically checked using AOFAS score, in the pre-operative setting until the final follow-up of 36 months. Weight-bearing radiographs and MRI evaluation using Mocart score were performed, preoperatively and postoperatively.

Results

The whole clinical outcome had a remarkable improvement at 12 months, a further amelioration at 24 months and a lowering trend at 36 months (77.8 ± 18.3). Early OA had better outcomes. 16 patients required another treatment and they were considered failures. Clinical outcome significantly correlates with OA degree, BMI, associate procedures. Radiographs were in line with clinical results. MRI evaluation showed signs of osteochondral repair.

Conclusions

BMDCT showed encouraging clinical and radiological outcomes at short-term follow-up. This procedure should be applied in young and selected patients, excluding severe ankle degeneration, where the results are critical. Longer follow-ups and larger case series are needed to confirm these results and if this treatment could be effective in postponing end-stage procedures.

Level of evidence

IV.

Keywords

Ankle osteoarthritis Osteochondral lesions of the talus Bone marrow-derived cells transplantation One step 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roberto Buda
    • 1
  • Francesco Castagnini
    • 2
  • Marco Cavallo
    • 2
  • Laura Ramponi
    • 2
  • Francesca Vannini
    • 2
  • Sandro Giannini
    • 1
  1. 1.Orthopedics and Traumatology, I ClinicRizzoli Orthopedic Institute, University of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.I ClinicRizzoli Orthopedic InstituteBolognaItaly

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