Acta Neuropathologica

, Volume 119, Issue 2, pp 221–233

Deficient high-affinity binding of Pittsburgh compound B in a case of Alzheimer’s disease

  • Rebecca F. Rosen
  • Brian J. Ciliax
  • Thomas S. Wingo
  • Marla Gearing
  • Jeromy Dooyema
  • James J. Lah
  • Jorge A. Ghiso
  • Harry LeVineIII
  • Lary C. Walker
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00401-009-0583-3

Cite this article as:
Rosen, R.F., Ciliax, B.J., Wingo, T.S. et al. Acta Neuropathol (2010) 119: 221. doi:10.1007/s00401-009-0583-3

Abstract

Radiolabeled Pittsburgh compound B (PIB) is a benzothiazole imaging agent that usually binds with high affinity, specificity, and stoichiometry to cerebral β-amyloid (Aβ) in patients with Alzheimer’s disease. Among a cohort of ten AD subjects examined postmortem, we describe a case of idiopathic, end-stage Alzheimer’s disease with heavy Aβ deposition yet substantially diminished high-affinity binding of 3H-PIB to cortical homogenates and unfixed cryosections. Cortical tissue samples were analyzed by immunohistochemistry, electron microscopy, ELISA, immunoblotting, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, in vitro 3H-PIB binding and 3H-PIB autoradiography. The PIB-refractory subject met the histopathological criteria for AD. However, cortical tissue from this case contained more vascular β-amyloidosis, higher levels of insoluble Aβ40 and Aβ42, and a higher ratio of Aβ40:Aβ42 than did tissue from the nine comparison AD cases. Furthermore, cerebral Aβ from the PIB-refractory subject displayed an unusual distribution of low- and high-molecular weight Aβ oligomers, as well as a distinct pattern of N- and C-terminally truncated Aβ peptides in both the soluble and insoluble cortical extracts. Genetically, the patient was apolipoprotein-E3/4 heterozygous, and exhibited no known AD-associated mutations in the genes for the β-amyloid precursor protein, presenilin1 or presenilin2. Our findings suggest that PIB may differentially recognize polymorphic forms of multimeric Aβ in humans with Alzheimer’s disease. In addition, while the prevalence of PIB-refractory cases in the general AD population remains to be determined, the paucity of high-affinity binding sites in this AD case cautions that minimal PIB retention in positron-emission tomography scans of demented patients may not always rule out the presence of Alzheimer-type Aβ pathology.

Keywords

Alzheimer Amyloid-beta Cerebral amyloid angiopathy Diagnosis Imaging PIB Senile plaques 

Supplementary material

401_2009_583_MOESM1_ESM.doc (84 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 84 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca F. Rosen
    • 1
  • Brian J. Ciliax
    • 2
    • 3
  • Thomas S. Wingo
    • 2
  • Marla Gearing
    • 3
    • 4
  • Jeromy Dooyema
    • 1
  • James J. Lah
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jorge A. Ghiso
    • 5
  • Harry LeVineIII
    • 6
  • Lary C. Walker
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Yerkes National Primate Research CenterEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  3. 3.Center for Neurodegenerative DiseaseEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Pathology and Laboratory MedicineEmory UniversityAtlantaUSA
  5. 5.Department of PathologyNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  6. 6.Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Sanders-Brown Center on AgingUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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