Investigation of the band texture occurring in hydroxypropylcellulose solutions using rheo-optical, rheological and small angle light scattering techniques
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The band texture occurs in lyotropic and thermotropic main-chain polymers after cessation of flow. This paper begins with a review of work concerned with band texture formation following shear and is followed by the presentation of original results obtained during a recent investigation. The evolution of band texture formation in a Klucel EF, 50% hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) water solution, has been observed using polarized optical microscopy. The relationship determined between the primary shear rate and the rate of evolution of the band texture is complex and three different behaviours have been observed corresponding to three shear rate regions. Both steady flow and dynamic rheological investigations have been conducted on the HPC solution, the results of which have been related to the optical behaviour of the band texture. Data from steady flow investigations suggest that the viscosity of the solution when the band texture is present, decreases following increasing primary shear rates, is shear thinning and increases linearly with the time following its formation. Dynamic investigations suggest a definite link between the band texture evolution and the evolution of both G′ and G′′. In addition, the perfection of the band texture versus the primary shear rate has been quantified by studying the evolution of tan(δ) following the cessation of the primary shear. Dynamic experiments show that the structure of the band texture remains longer than suggested by the optical aspect of the texture. Small angle light scattering patterns have been correlated with the development of the band texture and confirm the continuing presence of the band texture structure following its optical disappearance.
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