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Rheologica Acta

, Volume 57, Issue 11, pp 745–756 | Cite as

Characterization of physical aging by time-resolved rheometry: fundamentals and application to bituminous binders

  • Olli-Ville Laukkanen
  • H. Henning Winter
  • Jukka Seppälä
Original Contribution
  • 106 Downloads

Abstract

Physical aging is a ubiquitous phenomenon in glassy materials and it is reflected, for example, in the time evolution of rheological properties under isothermal conditions. In this paper, time-resolved rheometry (TRR) is used to characterize this time-dependent rheological behavior. The fundamentals of TRR are briefly reviewed, and its advantages over the traditional Struik’s physical aging test protocol are discussed. In the experimental section, the TRR technique is applied to study physical aging in bituminous binders. Small-diameter parallel plate (SDPP) rheometry is employed to perform cyclic frequency sweep (CFS) experiments over extended periods of time (from one to 8.6 days). The results verify that the mutation of rheological properties is relatively slow during physical aging (mutation number Nmu << 1), thus allowing rheological measurements on a quasi-stable sample. The effects of temperature, crystallinity, and styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) polymer modification on the physical aging of bitumen are evaluated. The time-aging time superposition is found to be valid both for unmodified and for polymer-modified bitumen. Vertical shifts are necessary, in addition to horizontal time-aging time shifts, to generate smooth master curves for highly SBS-modified bitumen.

Keywords

Physical aging Sample mutation Time-resolved rheometry Time-aging time superposition Bitumen 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study received financial support from Osk. Huttunen Foundation and Nynas AB.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olli-Ville Laukkanen
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • H. Henning Winter
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jukka Seppälä
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Polymer Science and EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of MassachusettsAmherstUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, School of Chemical EngineeringAalto UniversityAaltoFinland

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