Rheologica Acta

, Volume 57, Issue 5, pp 429–443 | Cite as

Large amplitude oscillatory shear behavior of graphene derivative/polydimethylsiloxane nanocomposites

  • Lei Du
  • Mina Namvari
  • Florian J. Stadler
Original Contribution


Rheological properties of three different nanocomposites, consisting of graphene oxide (GO), reduced graphene oxide (rGO), and polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane grafted reduced graphene oxide (rGO-POSS) as nanofillers and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), were investigated by large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS). The viscoelastic nonlinearity of the three nanofluids groups was studied by Lissajous curves, local nonlinear viscoelastic moduli of an oscillatory shear cycle, and Fourier transform rheology as a function of filler concentration and increasing and decreasing strain magnitude. The nonlinear behavior of the nanofluids was compared to understand the variation of internal microstructures. Firstly, GO/PDMS composites behave with higher moduli and smaller linear viscoelastic range comparing to that of other two composites. Secondly, the elastic stress Lissajous curves of these composites changed from elliptic to rectangular with round the corner with increasing the filler level and strain amplitude. Thirdly, all these three nanofluids exhibited intra-cycle strain stiffening with increasing strains and shear thickening at intermediate strain and then shearing thinning with increasing strain further. Fourthly, higher harmonic intensity of rGO/PDMS increased with increasing strain and came to a plateau, while that of other two nanofluids reached a maximum and then decreased. It suggested that different surface functionalization of nanoparticles will present different rheological behavior due to formed different network and LAOS could be used as a potential helpful method to characterize rheological properties of nanocomposites, especially at higher shear strain.


Graphene derivatives PDMS nanocomposites LAOS Fourier transform rheology Percolation 



The authors would like to thank the National Science Foundation of China (21574086), Nanshan District Key Lab for Biopolymers and Safety Evaluation (No. KC2014ZDZJ0001A), Shenzhen Sci & Tech research grant (ZDSYS201507141105130), and Shenzhen City Science and Technology Plan Project (JCYJ20140509172719311) for financial support.

Supplementary material

397_2018_1087_MOESM1_ESM.docx (2.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 2868 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Polymer Science and Technology, Guangdong Research Center for Interfacial Engineering of Functional Materials, Nanshan District Key Laboratory for Biopolymers and Safety EvaluationShenzhen UniversityShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and System of Ministry of Education and Guangdong Province, College of Optoelectronic EngineeringShenzhen UniversityShenzhenPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials, Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of SciencePalacký University in Olomouc 17OlomoucCzech Republic

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