Large amplitude oscillatory shear of pseudoplastic and elastoviscoplastic materials
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We explore the utility of strain-controlled large amplitude oscillatory shear (LAOS) deformation for identifying and characterizing apparent yield stress responses in elastoviscoplastic materials. Our approach emphasizes the visual representation of the LAOS stress response within the framework of Lissajous curves with strain, strain rate, and stress as the coordinate axes, in conjunction with quantitative analysis of the corresponding limit cycle behavior. This approach enables us to explore how the material properties characterizing the yielding response depend on both strain amplitude and frequency of deformation. Canonical constitutive models (including the purely viscous Carreau model and the elastic Bingham model) are used to illustrate the characteristic features of pseudoplastic and elastoplastic material responses under large amplitude oscillatory shear. A new parameter, the perfect plastic dissipation ratio, is introduced for uniquely identifying plastic behavior. Experimental results are presented for two complex fluids, a pseudoplastic shear-thinning xanthan gum solution and an elastoviscoplastic invert-emulsion drilling fluid. The LAOS test protocols and the associated material measures provide a rheological fingerprint of the yielding behavior of a complex fluid that can be compactly represented within the domain of a Pipkin diagram defined by the amplitude and timescale of deformation.
KeywordsNonlinear viscoelasticity Yield stress Viscoplastic LAOS Lissajous–Bowditch curve
This work was supported in part by a gift from Procter & Gamble (Cincinnati, OH). R.H.E. gratefully acknowledges funding from the National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program and the DARPA Chemical Robots program.
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