Rheologica Acta

, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp 641–652 | Cite as

Viscoelastic properties of POSS–styrene nanocomposite blended with polystyrene

  • Maria Eugenia Romero-Guzmán
  • Angel Romo-Uribe
  • B. Manuel Zárate-Hernández
  • Rodolfo Cruz-Silva
Original Contribution

Abstract

Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) are hybrid nanostructures of about 1.5 nm in size. These silicon (Si)-based polyhedral nanostructures are attached to a polystyrene (PS) backbone to produce a polymer nanocomposite (POSS–styrene). We have solution blended POSS–styrene of \(\overline{M}_w =14.5\times 10^3\;\rm{g/mol}\) with commercial polystyrene (PS), \(\overline{M}_w =2.8\times 10^5\;\rm{g/mol}\), and studied the rheological behavior and thermal properties of the neat polymeric components and their blends. The concentration of POSS–styrene was varied from 3 up to 20 wt.%. Thermal analysis studies suggest phase miscibility between POSS–styrene and the PS matrix. The blends displayed linear viscoelastic regime and the time–temperature superposition principle applied to all blends. The flow activation energy of the blends decreased gradually with respect to the matrix as the POSS–styrene concentration increased. Strikingly, it was found that POSS–styrene promoted a monotonic decrease of zero-shear rate viscosity, η0, as the concentration increased. Rheological data analyses showed that the POSS–styrene increased the fractional free volume and decreased the entanglement molecular weight in the blends. In contrast, blending the commercial PS with a PS of \(\overline{M}_w =5\times 10^3\;\rm{g/mol}\) did not show the same lubrication effect as POSS–styrene. Therefore, it is suggested that POSS particles are responsible for the monotonic reduction of zero-shear rate viscosity in the blends.

Keywords

Polystyrene POSS–styrene nanocomposite Hybrid nanofiller Polymeric nanocomposite Rheology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Eugenia Romero-Guzmán
    • 1
  • Angel Romo-Uribe
    • 1
  • B. Manuel Zárate-Hernández
    • 1
  • Rodolfo Cruz-Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Nanopolímeros y Coloides, Instituto de Ciencias FísicasUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoCuernavacaMéxico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias AplicadasUAEMCuernavacaMéxico

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